Social Media in Government: Benefits, Challenges, and How it’s Used (2022)

Social media and the government go together like peanut butter and jelly. Why? Because social media is an excellent place to communicate with constituents, launch campaigns, build awareness around initiatives, and is an essential tool in crisis communications.

At Hootsuite, we work with many levels of government and fully understand how social media has risen to play a significant role in the communications strategies of government bodies, politicians, and lawmakers worldwide.

Read on to discover how all levels of government, from municipal to provincial to federal, can and should use social media.

Key benefits of social media in government

Challenges of social media in government

5 tips for using social media in government

Examples of government social media campaigns

Bonus: Download Hootsuite’s annual report on government social media trends. Find out how leading government agencies are using social media, our top five recommended areas of opportunity, and more.

Engage with the public

Whether you focus efforts on TikTok, Twitter, Facebook, or a different platform entirely, social media will always be a solid place to keep the general public informed and updated about important issues and engage with an audience on a deeper level.

Communicating and engaging with constituents will help establish and build credibility and trust, as long as you don’t use social media to broadcast messages and actually engage with people who follow you. More on this later!

If you’re serious about using social media to mobilize voters, check out Nextdoor, an app that local governments use to organize town halls, educate citizens on safety issues, and engage community groups.

Show people who you really are

We’ll level with you here… politicians don’t exactly have the greatest rep’. Stereotyped as dishonest, greedy, and a bit sleazy, there’s an opportunity to shift perceptions by using social media for government communications and building a personal brand that is built on transparency.

The U.S. representative for New York’s 14th congressional district, Alexandria Ocasio-Cortez (commonly known as AOC), has done this to tremendous impact via her Twitter account.

(Video) How Social Media is Shaping Our Political Future | Victoria Bonney | TEDxDirigo

By being authentically herself and using photos to support the anecdotes and facts she shares with her constituents, AOC has substantially grown her following and created a personal brand for herself that’s relatable, honest, and bona fide. This authentic approach helped AOC scale her presence on the platform by 600% in seven months.


Source: The Guardian.

Social media also humanizes politicians and makes them more accessible and accountable to the general public. Of course, this can backfire if a politician posts content deemed socially unacceptable. This is your warning that whoever is in charge of a government social media account has to know what is and what is not acceptable to share (we’re looking at you, Anthony Weiner!)

Crisis communication

There’s been more than enough crises’ happening across the globe in the past few years. The COVID-19 pandemic, Brexit, the January 6th insurrection, and the occupation of Ukraine by Russian forces are a few instances where choices out of the general public’s control or decisions from lawmakers have impacted the world.

When events like those mentioned above occur, people turn to social media to seek out and source information, keep up-to-speed with the latest news, and quell their fears by laughing at a few memes.

People also look to the government for leadership when times get difficult, so it makes sense that lawmakers, politicians, and governments use social media as a platform to manage crisis comms and provide regular, official updates to citizens across the world.

On the flip side, a crisis and social media can quickly become a breeding ground for misinformation. For example, during the COVID-19 pandemic, almost 50% of US adults saw a lot or some fake news about the crisis, and almost 70% say that fake news causes a great deal of confusion.

To counteract this, governments must invest in social media listening to help them identify inaccuracies and respond accordingly — especially as citizens will be looking to government social media accounts to provide them with accurate and objective information.

But don’t feel like you have to engage with every false comment or post you come across in your social listening efforts. Some content might be too wildly incorrect to warrant a reply. However, if you see many social media users spreading misinformation, use official channels to set the record straight.

Need more intel? Read How to Use Social Media for Crisis Communications and Emergency Management and set your organization up for success.

Launch and grow campaigns

Social media isn’t just a place for businesses to share their latest product launch or grow their business with engagement and community. Politicians understand the power of a virtual town hall to launch their own initiatives and ideas.

Additionally, social media is an excellent space to test campaign messaging. The strategy is low stakes, and you get instant feedback from people around the world. Social media is also an opportunity to go viral, see what’s trending, and measure your relevancy.

Politicians can also use social media to align themselves with initiatives and trends. In the example below, US senator Elizabeth Warren tells her audience where she stands on the US Roe vs. Wade situation.

Low cost (but high stakes)

Political campaigns run on donations, so saving money is always at the forefront of government decision-making. Long before social media existed, politicians and governments had to use traditional media, e.g., televisions ad slots, newspapers, and door-to-door flyering, to raise the profile of candidates. This was high cost and had an immeasurable impact.

In contrast, social media provides the government with a low-stakes entry point to build awareness of their initiatives, grow personal brands, and engage with the general public. The strategy is entirely measurable, so you can actively see how your campaign budget is spent and which social campaigns have the most significant impact.

If you need a few pointers, check out our guide on How to Prove and Improve Your Social Media ROI for valuable tips and insights on measuring campaign performance.

Messaging is tricky to get right

In 2014, South Dakota launched a campaign to warn people against jerking the steering wheel when swerving on black ice. The hashtag selected by the state’s Department of Public Safety? The sexually suggestive double entendre “Don’t Jerk and Drive.”

Ultimately, the campaign was pulled, and Trevor Jones, secretary of the Department of Public Safety, said in a statement, “This is an important safety message, and I don’t want this innuendo to distract from our goal to save lives on the road.” Fair enough!

Social media and government communications don’t always work out as they should, and sometimes, even what seems like the greatest campaign idea can backfire.

Sometimes, social isn’t the right thing to do

Social media is a place where headlines are created, storms whipped up, and opinions shared. Unfortunately, this can have a negative impact on sensitive or delicate political situations.

In February 2022, WNBA star and American citizen Brittney Griner was detained in Russia on a drug-smuggling allegation, but little to no fanfare was created on social media—not even a trending #FreeBrittney.

The decision not to create awareness of Brittney’s case was a conscious choice due to the political tension between the US and Russia regarding the occupation of Ukraine. The thought is that Griner’s status as a Black, openly lesbian athlete could lead to her becoming a political pawn in heightened negotiations between Russia and the US regarding the conflict in Ukraine.

Regarding the case, there’s been no public callout from President Joe Biden or high-profile other US officials to bring awareness to Griner’s situation, and for now, maybe that’s the best thing to do.

You will get called out

Social media is a harsh reality, and people will call you out, so make sure what you say is true.

(Video) You Will Wish You Watched This Before You Started Using Social Media | The Twisted Truth

Here’s a brilliant example from congressman Eric Swalwell, who Tweeted a photo of a Pride flag with the caption, “I fly these flags 365 days a year.” Unfortunately, Swalwell’s followers quickly pointed out that the flag still had creases from being unpackaged moments earlier. Better luck next time, Eric.

I fly these flags 365 days a year. pic.twitter.com/MsI1uQzDZ0

— Rep. Eric Swalwell (@RepSwalwell) May 24, 2019

You will become a meme

I am once again reminding you that social media is a place where you can become a meme.

(And in case you missed it, below is the infamous Bernie Sanders meme that spread like wildfire across social media in early 2020).

Often, the results of having your words and image turned into a meme are fairly harmless. But proceed with caution, as the way they are used will be out of your control.

There are two types of social media accounts: soapboxes and dinner parties. A soapbox social media account focuses on themselves. They use social media to broadcast messages and issues without engaging with their audience.

On the other hand, a dinner party social media account invites audiences in and creates a dialogue with them. They encourage discussion and engagement between the host (you) and the guests (your audience).

You want to make sure you’re running a dinner party account for social media and government communications. Here are five tips on how you can do exactly that.

1. Learn where your audience hangs out

You need to understand the channel where your target audience hangs out so that you’re not wasting valuable time and resources campaigning into the void.

For example, if you’re a politician relying on swaying younger voters to carry a ballot, you’ll probably want to focus on TikTok or Instagram Reels because this is typically where Gen-Z spends the most time. Similarly, if you want to whip up left-leaning men with a college degree into a frenzy, focus your attention on Twitter.

Remember AOC, who we chatted about earlier? In 2020, she hosted a video game live stream on Twitch to help her reach younger audiences who may not be familiar with or interested in politics.

Anyone want to play Among Us with me on Twitch to get out the vote? (I’ve never played but it looks like a lot of fun)

— Alexandria Ocasio-Cortez (@AOC) October 19, 2020

Marketing on Twitch might not suit every political candidate, so it’ll be your decision whether you think the streaming platform is the correct place for you to engage with an audience. And if you need help understanding how to uncover your target audience on social media, wrap your eyes around How to Find and Target Your Social Media Audience to get started.

2. Share relevant, valuable content and information

Build audience trust and engagement by sharing relevant and interesting content, and audiences will naturally turn to you as a valid source of information and knowledge. The NASA Instagram account does this spectacularly well for its audience of over 76 million people across the world.

The BC Parks Instagram account follows a similar trend in Canada and gives its audience tips, information, and insights into what’s happening across the province’s extensive roster of parks.

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3. Engage with your followers

Would you ever attend a dinner party and sit there silently, not joining in the conversation? Obviously not, and social media is no different. Government officials, lawmakers, and government accounts need to engage with their audiences by replying to messages, joining conversations, and answering questions.

Remember that social media is all about creating community. So ask questions, create opinion polls (Twitter has a great feature that allows you to do this!), and respond to comments from your followers—you never know whether your response will change a voter’s mindset.

You can even repost content posted by your constituents as a form of engagement, like the Government of New Jersey retweeted these photos of a beautiful sunset in Central New Jersey.

Beautiful #sunset tonight in Central Jersey. @NJGov really knows how to show off its colors. #NJwx pic.twitter.com/rvqiuf8pRY

— John Napoli 🇺🇦 (@WeenieCrusher) May 17, 2022

If you’re struggling to keep up with all the messages you receive, onboard a tool like Hootsuite, where you can effortlessly streamline your comms into one tidy dashboard. No more alt-tabbing between different social media screens trying to respond to every comment.

Watch this short video to see how it works:

[Try it free for 30 days]

4. Stay secure

A social media security breach will seriously undermine the general public’s confidence in government. The simplest way to ensure that your accounts stay secure is by onboarding a social media management platform to manage all your social media accounts and activity across multiple teams or people.

Hootsuite comes with two-factor authentication for an additional layer of security and gives you the complete control to review and approve messages, log all activity and interactions, and set up post review and approvals.

If you need more details, read through our step-by-step guide to social media security for more tips on how to protect your organization online, whether or not you use Hootsuite.

5. Remain compliant

Remaining compliant with privacy requirements is critical for any government body. For large organizations with multiple social media practitioners, establishing best practices for social media use can help ensure the collective compliance of all users.

Guidelines towards acceptable and forbidden content, data handling, citizen engagement, and even tone are a few best practice examples organizations can implement to keep their team compliant.

If you manage social for a government or agency using Hootsuite, our partners’ social media archiving integrations make it easy to stay compliant with the Freedom of Information Act (FOIA), General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR), and other public records laws.

In recent years, government bodies and their employees have responded to dramatic shifts in public expectations of political and government discourse.

Innovative policymakers and their staff are quickly adapting by creating highly engaging social content to rally follower support, while also remaining fully compliant and secure. For any government body wanting to capture and maintain public sentiment and engagement, embracing the new era of social media discourse is crucial to success.

CDC

During the COVID-19 pandemic, the US Centre for Disease Control and Prevention was understandably a little busy. But that didn’t stop the government agency from pulling off effective COVID-related campaigns and messaging on social media to help keep the general public informed.

FDA

The US Food and Drug administration is pretty much in charge of saying whether a product or foodstuff is safe for the public to use or not. So, it’s important that their social media channels share factually correct information.

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Here are a couple of examples of how the FDA has used social media to this effect.

Folate is important for lowering the risk of serious problems that occur during pregnancy.

Learn how the Nutrition Facts label can help pregnant women make decisions to support a healthy eating pattern. https://t.co/thsiMeoEfO #NWHW #FindYourHealth pic.twitter.com/eFGqduM0gy

— U.S. FDA (@US_FDA) May 12, 2022

Biden #BuildBackBetter

46th President of the United States, Joe Biden, used social media to gain leverage and grow momentum for his Build Back Better campaign throughout 2020 and 2021. By leveraging the power of the hashtag, Biden’s team was able to ensure a catchy slogan and a measurable campaign by analyzing the success and trends of the hashtag.

Our Build Back Better Agenda will strengthen our economy by lowering taxes on the working and middle class, and reducing the cost of child care, housing, and higher education.

We will grow our economy from the bottom up and the middle out.

— Joe Biden (@JoeBiden) September 28, 2021

Inform and engage on social media with Hootsuite. From a single dashboard, you can schedule and publish content to every network, monitor relevant conversations, and measure public sentiment around programs and policies with real-time social listening and analytics. Try it free today.

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FAQs

How can social media be used for government? ›

One of the biggest benefits of social media is that it allows governments to share critical information in a crisis. It can also enable governments to control the narrative on key issues. Thirdly, social media allows governments to use experts to share health, science, and expert information.

What are the benefits of social media in politics? ›

A communication platform such as social media is persuasive, and often works to change or influence opinions when it comes to political views because of the abundance of ideas, thoughts, and opinions circulating through the social media platform.

What are the social benefits of social media? ›

Social networking services can help young people develop their interests and find other people who share the same interests. They can help introduce young people to new things and ideas, and deepen appreciation of existing interests.

How can social media help solve the problem of society? ›

Social Media helps persons to Govern And To be Governed

Social media platform can help to advance the governments and the public attitude. People of the state can engage with each alike and can talk over the best or bad leaders. Through this betrothal.

What is the media in government? ›

State media or government media are media outlets that are under financial and/or editorial control of the state or government, directly or indirectly.

Why do govt use social media marketing? ›

Social networking sites like Facebook, Twitter, YouTube, etc can topple government regimes, boost political campaigns and contribute to presidential wins, bring about public protests, organize social demonstrations, mobilize social campaigns, and enable communications and discussions on public forum, spread awareness, ...

Is social media beneficial or harmful? ›

Although there are important benefits, social media can also provide platforms for bullying and exclusion, unrealistic expectations about body image and sources of popularity, normalization of risk-taking behaviors, and can be detrimental to mental health.

What is social media advantages and disadvantages? ›

Top 10 Advantages and Disadvantages of Social Media
Pros of Social MediaCons of Social Media
People Can Connect Through Social MediaReduces Face-to-face Communication Skills
Good Source of Up-to-Date InformationFake News
Social Media Is Beneficial to EducationPeople's Addiction to Social Media
7 more rows

How social media affects our life? ›

The negative aspects of social media

However, multiple studies have found a strong link between heavy social media and an increased risk for depression, anxiety, loneliness, self-harm, and even suicidal thoughts. Social media may promote negative experiences such as: Inadequacy about your life or appearance.

What is the greatest benefit of social media? ›

Organic Content

One of the biggest advantages of social media is that you can generate your own, organic content for free. You don't have to pay to get access to valuable, potential leads. A lot of companies use these platforms to generate and interact with leads. There is no limit to how much content you post.

How does social media benefit communication? ›

Social media gives people a place to find things of their interest, while also being able to communicate and meet others. Having these platforms has made communication easier than ever by providing a medium that targets all kinds of demographics of people.

What are the benefits of social media for youth? ›

What are the benefits of social media for teenagers?
  • develop better social skills.
  • feel less isolated.
  • learn about new cultural and societal ideas and issues.
  • bond with their friends.
  • have fun.
  • be creative and share their own ideas with friends.
  • be better equipped to be active citizens in society.

How has social media improved people's lives for the better? ›

Social media has made it possible to get an inside perspective with very little effort. In addition to getting a birds-eye view of other places, the live feed feature of social media has also broken down barriers and made it possible to virtually attend events around the globe.

How would you use social media to bring more attention and awareness to your advocacy? ›

To help your advocacy group start your social media outreach campaign off on the right foot, this article will explore four tips for building momentum and gaining attention online: Create a strong, consistent narrative. Host peer-to-peer campaigns. Create groups dedicated to your advocacy campaign.

How can we change social media for the better? ›

  1. Delete and unfollow people. You find yourself always being angry at someone because of what they post? ...
  2. Stay off your phone when you are with company. ...
  3. 3.Be kind. ...
  4. Remember that social media is a drug. ...
  5. Follow those who help you. ...
  6. Create more than you consume. ...
  7. Create positive content. ...
  8. Reality is better.
Feb 17, 2020

What is one way in which an individual citizen can influence the government? ›

By voting, citizens are participating in the democratic process. Citizens vote for leaders to represent them and their ideas, and the leaders support the citizens' interests. There are two special rights only for U.S. citizens: voting in federal elections and running for federal office.

What is the media's most important role in a democracy? ›

First, it ensures that citizens make responsible, informed choices rather than acting out of ignorance or misinformation. Second, information serves a “checking function” by ensuring that elected representatives uphold their oaths of office and carry out the wishes of those who elected them.

In what ways is media responsible for promoting the public good? ›

The media also promote the public good by offering a platform for public debate and improving citizen awareness. Network news informs the electorate about national issues, elections, and international news.

How social media help government in discerning information calamities? ›

It helped families, social workers and government in discerning information during calamities. Through social media every family can easily communicate their relatives from other places especially those outside the country. While social workers it can be a tool to educate them informations during calamities.

Why is multimedia important in government? ›

Multimedia information is important for digital government because it is often a more natural communication mode for people than text. It is thus important that government be responsive to the needs and desires of citizens by providing it.

What effects does social media have on democracy? ›

Social networks such as Twitter, Facebook, and Google hold the potential to alter civic engagement, thus essentially hijacking democracy, by influencing individuals toward a particular way of thinking.

Is social media good for education? ›

Social media promotes self-directed learning, which prepares students to search for answers and make decisions independently. When reinforced in a classroom setting, these social media skills can be guided and refined to produce better learning outcomes and critical awareness.

How social media affect education? ›

Past studies have found that students who spend more time on social media sites are likely to demonstrate poor academic performance. This is because they spend time chatting online and making friends on social media sites instead of reading books.

Does social media have a positive impact on society? ›

Social media may provide individuals with a platform that overcomes barriers of distance and time, allowing them to connect and reconnect with others and thereby expand and strengthen their in-person networks and interactions. Indeed, there is some empirical evidence supporting this.

Why social media is important in our life essay? ›

The social media platform allows us to share ideas, thoughts, and opinions with other members of society. It also allows us to keep in touch with friends and family. Social media has become a popular tool for companies, which is why its use is becoming more and more widespread.

How social media controls our lives? ›

Studies show that social media affects teenagers dramatically. Girls are more likely to compare themselves to others. Scrolling through their feeds adds more pressure to them seeing a small part of somebody's life and seeing how great it is. Social media is like a mask for your real self.

How social media affects our life essay? ›

It is harmful because it invades your privacy like never before. The oversharing happening on social media makes children a target for predators and hackers. It also leads to cyberbullying which affects any person significantly. Thus, the sharing on social media especially by children must be monitored at all times.

What are the benefits of media? ›

The Pros of Mass Media
  • It Can Keep Us Connected. ...
  • It Can Spur Business. ...
  • It Can Spread Art and Culture. ...
  • It Can Give Voice to the Voiceless. ...
  • It Can Empower the Already Powerful. ...
  • It Can Be Used for Disinformation and Hate. ...
  • It Can Homogenize Culture. ...
  • It Can Overtake Personal Connections.

What are the benefits of social media for business? ›

Social media can help your business to:
  • attract customers, get customer feedback and build customer loyalty.
  • increase your market reach, including international markets.
  • do market research and reduce marketing costs.
  • increase revenue by building customer networks and advertising.
  • develop your brand.
May 2, 2022

How social media platform can promote empowerment and advocacy in this modern day? ›

When used to augment advocacy efforts, social media can bolster outreach efforts by spreading information about a cause, reinforcing relationships among supporters, promoting participatory dialogue between group leaders and supporters, and strengthening collective action through increased speed of collaborative ...

How can social media help in raising awareness regarding environmental issues? ›

Social media thus helps in inspiring environment activism with the help of messages such as slogans, videos, stories and photos on responsible behaviours. Social media helps in providing momentum to spread awareness and knowledge on these issues.

How social media can make a difference? ›

7 ways you can make a difference using social media
  1. Say thank you. Everyone likes being thanked! ...
  2. Tell your story. ...
  3. Stay informed. ...
  4. Demonstrate healthy dialogue. ...
  5. Speak to Congress directly. ...
  6. Use your influence to promote action. ...
  7. Raise awareness — and hope!
May 2, 2019

How social media help government in discerning information calamities? ›

It helped families, social workers and government in discerning information during calamities. Through social media every family can easily communicate their relatives from other places especially those outside the country. While social workers it can be a tool to educate them informations during calamities.

Why is multimedia important in government? ›

Multimedia information is important for digital government because it is often a more natural communication mode for people than text. It is thus important that government be responsive to the needs and desires of citizens by providing it.

What effects does social media have on democracy? ›

Social networks such as Twitter, Facebook, and Google hold the potential to alter civic engagement, thus essentially hijacking democracy, by influencing individuals toward a particular way of thinking.

What is the role of media in a democratic society? ›

First, it ensures that citizens make responsible, informed choices rather than acting out of ignorance or misinformation. Second, information serves a “checking function” by ensuring that elected representatives uphold their oaths of office and carry out the wishes of those who elected them.

Videos

1. Social Media is Making Us Unsocial | Kristin Gallucci | TEDxBocaRaton
(TEDx Talks)
2. Email and Social Media Archiving for Government
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4. Elon Musk: "DELETE Your Social Media NOW!" - Here's Why!
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5. This Is How Social Media Is Destroying Your Life - The Fake Reality
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6. Quit social media | Dr. Cal Newport | TEDxTysons
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