What is the function of elections?
An election is a formal group decision-making process by which a population chooses an individual or multiple individuals to hold public office.
-Elections maintain a link between government and the people; creating a link between elected politicians and their constituents. -They provide a vital channel of communication between the two; constituents can thus properly articulate their concerns.
Congressional Elections and Midterm Elections
Congressional elections determine who represents your state in in the U.S. House of Representatives and Senate. They also decide which political party will hold a majority in each chamber of Congress for the next two years.
Elections provide an important opportunity to advance democratization and encourage political liberalization. For an election to be free and fair, certain civil liberties, such as the freedoms of speech, association and assembly, are required.
Political parties and elections play an important role in the analysis of politics in developing countries, particularly in the analysis of democratization, and specifically the consolidation of democratic political regimes.
What are the roles/functions of political parties? Nominate candidates, rally their supporters, participate in government, act as a "bonding agent" for their own officeholders, and act as a watchdog over the other party.
- Keeping order. Laws, Law enforcement and courts.
- Provide public services. Libraries, schools, parks.
- Provide Security. Prevent crime and protect citizens from foreign attacks.
- Guide the Community. Manage the economy and conduct foreign relations.
The five major functions of government are as follows: maintain a national defense, provide public goods and services, preserve order, socialize the young, and collect taxes.
- They contest elections.
- They introduce various policies and programmes for the people.
- They play an important role in decision-making to legislate and execute.
- These parties, when successful in elections, form and run the government.
What is the function of an election in a democracy? Promotes accountability among the leaders, helps to politically protect different groups in society, and serves to legitimize the government.
What is the process of election?
State Assembly (Vidhan Sabha) Elections
Members of State Legislative Assembly, are elected directly by voting, from a set of candidates who stands in their respective constituencies. Every adult citizen of India can vote only in their constituency.
Article I, Section 4, Clause 1: The Times, Places and Manner of holding Elections for Senators and Representatives, shall be prescribed in each State by the Legislature thereof; but the Congress may at any time by Law make or alter such Regulations, except as to the Places of chusing Senators.
The election commission has the right to allow symbols to the political parties. It gives recognition to the national parties, state parties and regional parties. It sets limits on poll expenses. The commission prepare electoral rolls and update the voter's list from time to time.
The Election Commission of India is an autonomous constitutional authority responsible for administering Union and State election processes in India. The body administers elections to the Lok Sabha, Rajya Sabha, State Legislative Assemblies in India, and the offices of the President and Vice President in the country.
1. EC takes decisions on every aspect of conduct and control of elections from the announcement of elections to the declaration of results. 2. It implements the Code of Conduct and punishes any candidate or party that violates it.
This method is called the First Past the Post (FPTP) system. In the electoral race, the candidate who is ahead of others, who crosses the winning post first of all, is the winner. This method is also called the Plurality System. This is the method of election prescribed by the Constitution.
Politics (from Greek: Πολιτικά, politiká, 'affairs of the cities') is the set of activities that are associated with making decisions in groups, or other forms of power relations among individuals, such as the distribution of resources or status.