What are the red flags in dysphagia? (2023)

Table of Contents

What are the 3 most serious risks of dysphagia?

  • Malnutrition, weight loss and dehydration. Dysphagia can make it difficult to take in enough nourishment and fluids.
  • Aspiration pneumonia. Food or liquid entering the airway during attempts to swallow can cause aspiration pneumonia as a result of the food introducing bacteria into the lungs.
  • Choking.
Sep 20, 2022

(Video) An Approach to Dysphagia
(Strong Medicine)
What are 4 complications of dysphagia?

Complications of Dysphagia
  • Dehydration.
  • Malnutrition.
  • Weight loss.
  • Respiratory problems, such as aspiration pneumonia or respiratory infections.
  • Fatigue.
  • Cognitive confusion.
  • Loss of dignity.
  • Feelings of isolation, anxiety and depression.

(Video) Warning signs & symptoms of OESOPHAGEAL(AKA esophageal /gullet) CANCER - Doctor O'Donovan explains
(Doctor O'Donovan)
What are at least 3 warning signs of dysphagia?

Other signs of dysphagia include:
  • coughing or choking when eating or drinking.
  • bringing food back up, sometimes through the nose.
  • a sensation that food is stuck in your throat or chest.
  • persistent drooling of saliva.
  • being unable to chew food properly.
  • a gurgly, wet-sounding voice when eating or drinking.

(Video) Alarm Symptoms Endoscopy. Indications for Endoscopy. Red flags in Gastroenterology
What are red flags for aspiration?

Red flags
  • Symptoms of complete obstruction (eg, drooling, inability to swallow anything)
  • Dysphagia resulting in weight loss.
  • New focal neurologic deficit, particularly any objective weakness.
  • Recurrent aspiration pneumonia.

(Video) Dysphagia 101: Disorders, Medications and Impact on the Swallow
What are the 4 stages of dysphagia?

There are 4 phases of swallowing:
  • The Pre-oral Phase. – Starts with the anticipation of food being introduced into the mouth – Salivation is triggered by the sight and smell of food (as well as hunger)
  • The Oral Phase. ...
  • The Pharyngeal Phase. ...
  • The Oesophageal Phase.

(Video) Neurology - Topic 24 - Swallow test
(UCD Medicine)
When is dysphagia an emergency?

If food is stuck for more than a few hours, it is considered an emergency situation as it could result in a hole in the esophagus. Chronic recurrent issues of choking or coughing related to dysphagia can result in pneumonia.

(Video) Swallow Problems: Dysphagia Symptoms In Multiple Sclerosis
(Aaron Boster MD)
What is the first test to check for dysphagia?

A swallow test is usually carried out by a speech and language therapist (SLT) and can give a good initial assessment of your swallowing abilities. The SLT will ask you to swallow some water. The time it takes you to drink the water and the number of swallows required will be recorded.

(Video) SPEECH PATHOLOGY | Dysphagia - Signs and Symptoms
(Optimum Health Solutions)
What is the most significant complication for dysphagia?

The main complication of dysphagia is coughing and choking, which can lead to pneumonia.

(Video) Symptoms of dysphagia
(The Alzheimer Society of Ireland)
What is a serious risk of dysphagia?

Dysphagia can also lead to aspiration, which means that food or drink go into your airways rather than your stomach. Aspiration can lead to pneumonia. If dysphagia is being caused by a more serious condition, this can cause further complications unless treated.

(Video) Cervical Spine Red Flags | Expert Physio Review
(Clinical Physio)
What are the signs of deterioration in dysphagia?

Reported difficulty swallowing certain foods/liquids. Coughing or choking when eating and drinking. Wet sounding voice post eating and drinking. Persistent drooling of saliva.

(Video) What is Dysphagia
(North Kansas City Hospital & Meritas Health)

What is the first stage of dysphagia?

Oral preparatory phase.

The arch of your mouth and your tongue connect to prevent food or liquid entering the pharynx. Then, your tongue rises, squeezing the bolus back along the roof of your mouth and into your upper pharynx.

(Video) 5 minute Physio tip - Contraindications and red flags to cervical spine manual therapy
(Clinical Edge)
What are the 5 main types of dysphagia?

The classification of dysphagia, as related to location, includes oropharyngeal, esophageal, esophagogastric, and paraesophageal.

What are the red flags in dysphagia? (2023)
What are examples of red flags?

Common examples of red flags include poor communication, not respecting boundaries, abusive behavior, and gaslighting.

What are red flag indicators?

A red flag is a warning or indicator, suggesting that there is a potential problem or threat with a company's stock, financial statements, or news reports. Red flags may be any undesirable characteristic that stands out to an analyst or investor.

What is a red flag symptom?

Essentially red flags are signs and symptoms found in the patient history and clinical examination that may tie a disorder to a serious pathology. [5] Hence, the evaluation of red flags is an integral part of primary care and can never be underestimated. The term “red flag” was originally associated with back pain.

What is end stage dysphagia?

Swallowing difficulties are common at the end of life and dysphagia, a severe swallowing difficulty, is a sign that a person's disease is at end stage. If a person is having swallowing problems, we can refer them to a speech pathologist for a swallowing assessment and guidance for appropriate interventions.

What is the best treatment for dysphagia?

Try eating smaller, more frequent meals. Cut your food into smaller pieces, chew food thoroughly and eat more slowly. If you have difficulty swallowing liquids, there are products you can buy to thicken liquids. Trying foods with different textures to see if some cause you more trouble.

What is the most common cause of dysphagia?

Many disorders, diseases and conditions can cause trouble swallowing. Doctors separate swallowing problems into three types: Oral cavity dysphagia: The problem is in the mouth. Typical causes include tongue weakness after stroke, difficulty chewing food or neuromuscular problems.

What will Er do for dysphagia?

Your emergency treatment may involve removing a foreign object or providing relief from gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD), a possible cause of dysphagia. We can also connect with you a primary care provider to treat any underlying conditions, such as certain nervous system conditions.

Should you go to ER for dysphagia?

You usually do not need to go to the hospital, as long as you are able to eat enough and have a low risk of complications. However, if your esophagus is severely blocked, you may be hospitalized. Infants and children with dysphagia are often hospitalized.

How long can elderly live with dysphagia?

In patients with significant dysphagia and dementia we know that survival is equally short with and without a feeding tube, around 6 months.

What is the gold standard for dysphagia?

Videofluoroscopy (VFS), also called a modified barium swallow study, is the gold standard method for studying the oral and pharyngeal mechanisms of dysphagia and for evaluating the efficacy and safety of swallowing 7.

What bloodwork is used for dysphagia?

Blood tests: Including thyroid-stimulating hormone, vitamin B-12, and creatine kinase; may be useful, especially in neurogenic dysphagia. Imaging studies: May include videofluoroscopy, CT scanning, MRI, chest radiography. Endoscopic examination.

Does a gastroenterologist treat dysphagia?

Whether you have mild or severe dysphagia, a gastroenterologist can manage your treatment. Some of the reasons gastroenterologists are able to provide optimal care for dysphagia include: They see more patients with difficulty swallowing, giving them the experience needed to plan the best treatment.

What is important when supporting a person with dysphagia?

When assisting someone with dysphagia to eat and drink, it is important to always follow the advice and recommendations from their healthcare professional with regard to diet texture, thickness of fluids and positioning and strategies to increase the safety of their swallow.

What is the precaution to watch for in patients who have dysphagia?

It is important to ensure that hydration and nutrition are maintained and that the person is able to take medication. Using safe swallowing techniques and food and fluids of the appropriate texture reduces the risk of aspiration.

What foods make dysphagia worse?

Foods with a fibrous or 'stringy' texture - e.g. celery, green beans, melted cheese or pineapple. Fruit or vegetables with thick skins, seeds or pips - e.g. baked beans, peas, grapes and tomatoes. Crunchy and crumbly items such as toasts, biscuits, crackers, crisps, pie crusts.

What will be the most significant complication for dysphagia?

The main complication of dysphagia is coughing and choking, which can lead to pneumonia.

Which patient complication is most commonly associated with dysphagia?

The most common complications of dysphagia are aspiration pneumonia, malnutrition and dehydration; other possible complications, such as intellectual and body development deficit in children with dysphagia, or emotional impairment and social restriction have not been studied thoroughly.

What can put someone at a higher risk of suffering from dysphagia?

Some neurological causes of dysphagia include:
  • a stroke.
  • neurological conditions that cause damage to the brain and nervous system over time, including Parkinson's disease, multiple sclerosis, dementia, and motor neurone disease.
  • brain tumours.
  • myasthenia gravis – a rare condition that causes your muscles to become weak.

What are the risk factors of dysphagia?

Overview. Common risk factors in the development of dysphagia include smoking, obesity, pregnancy, hiatal hernia, scleroderma, alcohol consumption, consuming drinks that contain caffeine, and medications.

What needs to be done for patients with dysphagia?

There are 3 main ways oropharyngeal dysphagia is managed to make eating and drinking as safe as possible:
  • swallowing therapy.
  • dietary changes.
  • feeding tubes.

What is the primary reason why dysphagia is life threatening?

A major complication of dysphagia is lung damage from aspiration. Aspiration also increases your chance of getting pneumonia. This usually needs treatment with antibiotics. It can sometimes even cause death.

You might also like
Popular posts
Latest Posts
Article information

Author: Terence Hammes MD

Last Updated: 11/10/2022

Views: 5651

Rating: 4.9 / 5 (49 voted)

Reviews: 80% of readers found this page helpful

Author information

Name: Terence Hammes MD

Birthday: 1992-04-11

Address: Suite 408 9446 Mercy Mews, West Roxie, CT 04904

Phone: +50312511349175

Job: Product Consulting Liaison

Hobby: Jogging, Motor sports, Nordic skating, Jigsaw puzzles, Bird watching, Nordic skating, Sculpting

Introduction: My name is Terence Hammes MD, I am a inexpensive, energetic, jolly, faithful, cheerful, proud, rich person who loves writing and wants to share my knowledge and understanding with you.